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How a Podiatrist Can Help Deal With Arch Pain
Arch pain can be caused by various factors, like weight gain, overuse of a foot, or the aging process. Each foot has an arch, which is the bottom part that rests between the heel and ball. Arch pain is a common condition that can affect people from all walks of life, but it mainly affects athletes.
The arch of a foot consists of three individual arches that together form a triangle. These arches are comprised of tendons, ligaments, and bones.
Getting treatment for arch pain
Pain coming from the arch of a foot is most often caused by structural issues developing in the foot or an injury. Structural problems in a foot include abnormalities like low or high arches. These structural issues can be compounded by other factors, like neurological conditions, physical stress, weight gain, aging, and overuse. Other factors that can lead to foot pain include the following:
- Overpronation: Foot pain can result from walking with the outer portion of the heel hitting the ground first with each step; over time, this leads to the arch of the foot flattening
- Plantar fasciitis: This is a deteriorating condition that affects the ligament that connects the front of a foot to its back
- Cavus foot: This is a structural abnormality that manifests as a high arch, and it can be caused by factors like cerebral palsy, stroke, or genetics
- Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: This occurs when the tendon that connects calf muscles to the inner region of a foot is inflamed or injured; the pain often occurs when walking or running and stops when movement ceases
- Flat feet: Flat feet can lead to pain coming from foot arches or other parts of the leg and back
Treatment options for arch pain
Getting treatment for arch pain starts with a podiatrist diagnosing its cause. The patient’s medical history is discussed, and a physical examination is performed to see how the patient reacts to certain stimuli, like their foot being pushed. The podiatrist will also look for redness and inflammation from the area. Diagnostics like X-rays might help with the diagnosis. Depending on the severity of the patient’s condition, the podiatrist might recommend:
- Resting the foot: Taking a break from activities that put stress on the foot causing pain can help end discomfort
- Stretching: Stretching can help alleviate the pain caused by conditions like plantar fasciitis
- Medication: In some cases, prescription or over-the-counter medication can be used to address foot pain
- Supportive shoes: The podiatrist might prescribe supportive shoes that come with specialized inserts that support foot arches
- Physical therapy: Some exercises and movements can be used to reduce stress in a foot, alleviating pain being caused by it
- Night splints: These are worn at night to keep a person’s feet in a neutral position as they sleep
- Surgery: Surgical treatments can sometimes to used to address the root cause of arch issues
Put foot pain behind you
Are you dealing with foot pain? Call or visit our Jackson clinic to set up a consultation with our podiatrist.
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